21 - 23 May
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung
Nature-Based Solutions - sustainable production of materials and energyClimate change and increasing demands for raw materials needs new innovative technologies. The Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) has therefore established its research focus Environmental and biotechnologies, which emphasises a decentralised and integrated use of renewable resources and wastes. The nature-based solutions we are heading for will facilitate a decentralised production of platform chemicals and energy carriers from renewable resources, e.g. renewable carbon sources, non-food biomass, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, or sunlight and electric power.As a whole, the process modules aim for closed-loop systems of existing materials or, pro-actively, those that may see industrial usage in the future. Our current research activities involve, amongst others:- Developing alternative chemical energy sources Novel types of biomass and efficient extraction processes- Enzymatic electro-chemistry, electrical and photo-calorimetry- Screening and selection of microbiomes from different sources, and their targeted application in reactors- Tailor-made, photosynthetic platform microorganisms- Degradation of lignin / lignocellulosis and of contaminants, including those particularly solid and resistant to biological decomposition (plastics)- Selective sorbents, electro-sorption or wet oxidation to treat and extract products from aqueous material flows- Diagnosis of disturbances in biogas plants
Using solar energy for the chemical or biological production of hydrogen is an attractive and environmentally friendly goal, but it is very challenging and still ...
Microbial bioelectrosynthesis has numerous advantages over classical (electrochemical) synthesis, such as potentially higher selectivity or yields. Impressive examples ...